About Ukraine

Ukraine is a beautiful country and one of the largest in territory, with a very developed culture, rich folk traditions and diverse nature. Ukraine is a state in Eastern Europe, bordering Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Russia and Belarus. Its population is about 45 million people.

Ukraine has long been a global breadbasket because of its extensive, fertile farmlands. Additionally, the country has a well-developed manufacturing sector, particularly in aerospace and industrial equipment. Ukraine is a unitary republic under a semi-presidential system with separate powers: legislative, executive, andjudicial branches. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine continues to maintain the second-largest military in Europe, after that of Russia, when reserves and paramilitary personnel are taken into account.

Ukraine has a mostly temperate continental climate, although the southern coast has a humid subtropical climate. it is highest in the west and north and lowest in the east and southeast. Western Ukraine receives around 1,200 millimetres (47.2 in) of precipitation annually, while Crimea receives around 400 millimetres (15.7 in). Winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland.